YearNumber of Subotica JewsThe number of inhabitants of SuboticaProportion of Jews in %
17754 persons
178019 persons18.7300,10
178129 persons19.3730,15
178882 persons
179497 persons – 21 families20.1470,48
180567 persons21.5370,31
1808234 persons – 44 families
180947 families
1820375 persons – 64 families32.2741,16
1830–31464 persons – 81 families32.9841,41
1844623 persons – 117 families
1848649 personsoko 40.0001,62
18801.647 persons61.3672,68
18902.540 persons72.7373,49
19003.024 persons81.4643,71
19103.539 persons93.2323,80
19213.905 persons90.9614,28
19313.758 persons100.0583,76
19413.549 persons (6.105 persons)102.7363,45 (5,94)
1941–444.000 in labor camps
1945.5.9. után1057 persons
19461065 persons
1950981 persons63.079 (1948)1,56
1950643 persons (alija)
1951410 persons (alija)
1952403 persons
1958441 persons66.091 (1953)0,67
1964363 persons75.036 (1961)0,48
1973298 persons88.813 (1971)0,36
198185 person in the list100.5160,08
1983168 persons
199168 people in the city, and 77 in the municipality on the list100.3860,07
1993increases the number of those who identify themselves as Jews
1998217 persons

According to the data in the table, there was a visible increase in the number of Jews in Subotica until 1921, so in the years preceding the Second World War, a smaller decline in this growth was observed.

Broj Jevreja Subotica

The call-up in work units for Jews, conscripts, began on September 19, 1941.

In the Hungarian Shoah, the holocaust began with the entry of German troops in March 1944.

Order No. 6163/1944 passed on April 7, 1944 foresees “cleansing the state of Jews”. The operational decision was made on April 19, and from April 26, concentration camps and ghettos were established.

3,500 people lived in the Subotica ghetto. The ghetto was located near a freight train station exposed to the danger of satellite air attacks.

The Subotica concentration camp was formed for the reception of Jews from Novi Sad and Jews from central Bačka. There were a total of 4,000 people there. The Subotica Jewish Municipality provided them with food. After about twenty days of stay in this camp, the Jews were transferred to the concentration camp in Baja, and then taken to Germany.

Snap 2015-03-01 at 16.26.07

The ghetto hospital was located at the freight station. After the deportation of Subotica Jews, on June 16, 1944, the hospital was destroyed in the bombing of the city.

Although the number of victims in the “Directory of Subotic Jews Victims of Fascist Occupation 1941-1945” is only 2,006 persons, mobilization to work units and deportation included 6,105 Subotic Jews or persons who were considered Jews according to racial laws. Of them, 1,065 (17.44%) returned, and 5,040 (82.56%) died.

After the deportation, there were actually no more Jews in the city. The number of those who were hiding cannot be determined. only after May 9, 1945, when the war operations took place, 1,057 returnees were recorded in Subotica.

Emigration to Israel, aliyah, further reduced the number of Jews in the city.